A pergola is a structure made of wooden posts and a roof. It can add definition to your backyard and provide a great relaxation area for you and loved ones. Here is how you can create your own.
Do Your Research
First, you will have to check the zoning laws in your area, because there are certain kinds of construction that are prohibited in certain areas. Call your local zoning department to ensure that you can build a pergola on your land. Also, building a pergola will have you digging holes which can harm power lines and pipes underneath. Contact your utility company to inquire about pipes that may be underground. If you need the advice of a professional pergola builder, give Nortex Fence & Patio a call.
Measure and mark an 8 x 8 feet square in your yard and mark each corner with something that will be able to clearly mark them. This represents the width and the length of the pergola. If you want a larger one, measure a different sized square. You'll have to change the sides of the wooden pieces you're using if you measure a space that's larger. Try to use chalk if you plan on having your pergola on the patio.
Once you have accurate measurements, a hole should be dug through each corner. Each hole needs to be about 28 to 48 inches deep. This holds the structure in place and guarantees that it stays together. Mark each corner hole with 8 by 8 inches so that they can properly accommodate the pergola size. You will have to use gravel in order to even the layers out.
Lay Down Foundation Posts
Start to lay down your posts (preferably 8 by 8 inches) until its secure, and nail smaller boards to secure each one. Next, combine concrete with water, which will be used to seal the holes. Let it dry for 24 hours.
Building The Roof
Mark 2 feet from the top of both sides on each post and hammer nails halfway deep into each one. Place 2 by 10 cross beams above the nails and screw the cross gradually inside the pergola. Get rid of the nails, lay 8 rafters across the cross beams to your liking and hammer one nail per rafter. Once you nail all of the slats to hold the pergola rafters in place, and your roof is finished.